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What Is Modern Art?
Late-19th-century artists broke with tradition to create art for the modern age.
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Portraits can represent individuals in many different ways. They can be literalrepresentations of a person or they can represent a person symbolically. By the turn of the 20th century, photographs had become the most accessible and popular mode of portraiture. As though freed from the burden of realism, portrait painters of the time began to explore new ways to represent people, breaking with the literal and representational portrait of the previous era.